Newfoundland Coat of Arms: "Seek ye first the kingdom of God" (motto)
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
-This most easterly province is made up of
Newfoundland (island) and Labrador (mainland).
-Thousands of small islands are also included.
-Labrador is larger and is bordered by Quebec. The North Atlantic Ocean is to the east.
-The island of Newfoundland is surrounded by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic Ocean.
-The capital city and largest city is St. John's.
-flower - Pitcher Plant, tree - Black Spruce, bird - Atlantic Puffin.
-motto - "Seek ye first the Kingdom of God."
410 people live in Newfoundland and Labrador (estimate 2011).
-Most of the population lives on the island of Newfoundland.
-People live in fishing villages along the coast and small rural communities.
-About 60% of the people live in towns and cities.
-Early settlers mainly came from England, Ireland and Scotland.
-About 96% are British and Irish, and about 2% are of French descent
-Aboriginal ancestry include Micmac, Inuit, Innu and Métis.
-In northern Labrador the climate is subarctic.
-The Atlantic Ocean affects the climate.
-Summers are cool and winters are long.
Average Winter: Between -5°C (23°F) and 0°C (32°F)Average Summer: Between 10°C (50°F) and 20°C (68°F)
-Highest temperature ever recorded on the island: 36.7°C (98.1°F), at Botwood.
-Lowest temperature ever recorded on the island: -41°C (-41.8°F), at Badger.
-There are many storms, fog, strong winds, heavy precipitation and cold
-Newfoundland experiences more fog than any of the other Atlantic Provinces.
-The first people of Newfoundland were the Beothuk
(now extinct) who hunted caribou and fished.
-For thousands of years ancestors of the Inuit hunted seal and polar bears along the Labrador coast.
-Vikings (Norsemen) were the first confirmed Europeans to visit Newfoundland and Labrador.
-Five hundred years later (in 1497) the explorer John Cabot arrived .
-He claimed the "new found isle" for the King of England.
-Fishermen from France, England, Spain and Portugal fished in the waters of the Grand Banks.
-English, Irish and Scottish settlers built small villages along the coast.
-In 1949 Newfoundland became a Canada's tenth province.
LAND AND WATER
-There are many bays and deep fiords along the
-Pack ice and icebergs can be seen off the coastline.
-Thick forests and many rivers and lakes cover much of the island.
-Gros Morne National Park (west coast of Newfoundland) has mountains, forests, lakes and sand dunes.
-Terra Nova National Park (east coast of Newfoundland) consists of rocky cliffs, rolling hills, forests, lakes and ponds.
-Iron ore is produced in Labrador. (Steel is made from iron ore.)
-Oil and gas are found under the Grand Banks.
-Churchill Falls in Labrador is the second largest underground hydroelectric power plant in the world.
-Fishermen catch cod, herring, Atlantic salmon, flounder, turbot, halibut, tuna and haddock.
-Lobster, scallops, shrimp, and crab are also caught.
-Overfishing caused a severe decline of fish in the Grand Banks.
-Fish processing is an important industry.
-Forests (mostly coniferous trees ) cover one third of Newfoundland.
-Summers are cool and the growing season is short.